This forum is not meant for homework, so you will probably not get a complete answer.
However, some pointers:
1. I think most people would measure "outlook on the future" with a continuous scale, that would mean you can use anova's or something like that. Think about whether you have a particular reason to use a 3-point scale.
2. to find out what type of analysis you should use, follow 2 steps:
step 1: figure out what type of variables you have (numeric/categorical; ordinal; interval; scale)
step 2: look up the appropriate test for those variables, for instance: http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/mult_pkg/whatstat/